Glossary

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Abscess – a closed pocket filled with pus. These may be painful and pus can be visible, or they stay closed and appear much like tumors, requiring a biopsy.

Allergy – an uncontrolled response to foreign proteins in the body. Often, these foreign substances are usually harmless, but nonetheless they trigger an allergic reaction.

Anemia – a deficiency of red blood cells in the body

Appendicitis – a condition of the appendix caused by scarring, infection or a blockage that may cause inflammation and pain.

Asthma – is a chronic lung disease that develops when the lining of the airways become inflamed and swollen restricting the air flow to and from the lungs.

Balanced Diet – a diet that consists of daily servings from the six basic food groups: grains, fruits, vegetables, protein, dairy and fats

Biopsy – the process of medically examining tissue microscopically, usually to discover what type of tissue it is or determine its behavior

Colonoscopy – a diagnostic procedure performed to examine the large intestine using a thin, long, flexible tube with a camera at the end.

Congenital – present at birth

Diabetes – known as "diabetes mellitus". This disease affects how glucose or blood sugar is used in the body. Persons with diabetes have too much glucose, which can lead to serious health conditions.

Diarrhea – a sudden, increase in frequency of loose stools compared to normal.

Diuretic – any drug that increases the amount of water in urine, thus removing excess water from the body.

Ear Infection –a bacterial infection in the middle ear requiring antibiotics for treatment

Genetic testing – a means of identifying genetic disorders, illnesses and diseases

Heart Disease – any condition that narrows or blocks blood vessels leading to and from the heart that may cause a heart attack or stroke

Incontinence –the loss of ability to voluntarily control an organ

Immunizations – vaccines given to help prevent illnesses

Inflammation – redness, pain and heat in the skin.

Local Anesthesia – numbs and removes sensation from a localized or particular part of the body

Moles – raised dark areas in the skin caused by the damage or dysfunction of melanocytes

Pap Smear –a routine gynecological screening that tests for potentially cancerous indications in the cervix

Parkinson’s Disease – a chronic, degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that is characterized by tremors and difficulty speaking and walking.

Physical – an examination performed by a physician to check the health status of a patient, which includes a full exam and a discussion about health history.

Puberty –the point at which the body begins producing adult levels of hormones, causing many bodily changes associated with sexual maturity

Sleep Apnea – a sleep disorder where there are temporary interruptions of breathing while a person is sleeping

Sports Physical – a physical exam performed by a doctor todetermine if a child is physically fit enough to perform certain sports activities

STD – an infection or disease that is spread through sexual contact

Stroke – a blockage of an artery that delivers blood to the brain that causes temporary or permanent damage

Thyroid – the small, butterfly-shaped gland located just below the Adam’s apple. The gland produces hormones, which control, among other things, energy levels and metabolism.

Tumor – a lump which can be seen or felt. While they are often associated with cancer, not all tumors are cancerous, and not all cancers involve tumors.

Ultrasound –a process that uses sound waves to produce an image of organs inside a body, or to produce an image of a fetus

Vertigo – the constant sensation of feeling dizzy

Virus – a very small infectious agent